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Pet care:
Please, follow this advice and your pet will live more and better.

The puppy should remain at least 40 days with her mum. Weaning should be done in phases. First, special milk should be introduced during the first 20-25 days after the birth, when the pet is 50 days old it should start eating chow for baby pets as a base of its feeding. Good feeding of your pet in this stage will be key for your pet growth and development.

It is recommendable your pet feel free to eat at this stage. Baby pet has a small stomach, thus they should eat between 3-4 times a day, during the first 6 months. It is also advisable give our pet the food and then, after a while (15-20 min) move it away from the feeder. As our pet is growing up it is good to spread out feeding times. Finally our pet should be feeded 1-2 times a day. If we schedule feeding times, stools will be more regular.

Food and water should be placed in a dry, illuminated and quiet place. It is recommendable to change water, at least, once a day. It is advisable big feeders and big water dispensers to avoid these turn over. Best diets are those rich in proteins and animal fat. Don’t use too much ‘snack-prizes’, these snacks are useful to build a good relationship with your pet, but not to feed them. These snacks shouldn’t unbalance pet’s diet, so, these should be low-fat and low-calorie.


Supplies changes from puppy to adult dog.
At the moment to change our dog´s diet it is important to take into account how big our dog will be in the adult stage. As a general rule for small breeds (less than 20 kg) is recommended change the pet diet after 12 to 15 months old. In big breeds (20-50 kg) the advisable age is from 15 to 18 months old, and in giant breeds (more than 50 kg), diet change should be done from 18 to 24 months old. It is important to change the diet gradually.

adult dog feeding.
The aim of an adult dog diet is satisfy its needs. However, even there are dogs with a lot of activity, its needs are less if we compare with a puppy.

Excess and deficiency are both bad for our dog. Our dog is on its weight when we cannot see its ribs with the naked eye, but, by contrast, we can feel it when we touch its thorax. Obesity is a big problem in one of three pets.

A dog is not just carnivorous, so we can not feed it just with meat. Meat is very rich in proteins, and those should be the half of our pet’s diet. Meat is also reach in fat, this fat contains essential fatty acids (EFA), these are necessary to develop different body functions, for a healthy skin and coat. Proteins are necessary for the growth and repair of the bones and the muscular tissue, and maintenance of metabolic process. Essential fatty acids stimulate a shiny coat and a healthy skin. Carbohydrates give energy to our dog and help it stabilize intestinal processes.

The dog should feel free for feeding times, but it is recommendable feed our dog once or twice times a day. It is also recommendable our dog eats the equivalent of 2-3% of its weight. It is important don’t disturb our dog when it is eating. Food and water should be placed in a dry, illuminated and quiet place and not hot. Remember have cold water in a clean water dispenser.

It is not recommendable add to commercial food homemade leftovers because this can unbalance ingested nutrients, even this may speed up teeth damage. If you feed your dog with homemade leftovers, these cannot be more than a 10% dog’s diet.


Vaccination is one of the most important steps to prevent the different infectious diseases our dog may suffer.
A good perfect medical examination is necessary for the vaccination. It is preferable to worm our dog before vaccination.
Main infectious diseases of which it is possible to be vaccinated are:

  1. canine distemper: This is the more widely known dog’s disease. It is a very contagious disease, caused by an aerial virus and is often fatal. It can affect the digestive, respiratory and nervous system, and cause ocular problems.
  2. Parvovirus: It affects seriously small animals, and produces bleeding diarrhoeas and vomits.
  3. Canine hepatitis: it is a very contagious disease, caused by a virus and is transmitted by contact with tinkles infected or material content of the digestive system. It produces vomits, diarrhoeas, painful abdomen and often ictericia. It comes from the called complex 'cough of kennels'.
  4. Leptospirosis: it is a bacterial disease, and it can also attack the human. It produces renal and hepatic symptoms. Transmission takes place by tickles. It is a very serious zoonosis. This disease responds to certain antibiotics, if it is treated early.
  5. Rabies: It is a very dangerous disease which is usually fatal in our dogs. It affects all mammals. Spain considers itself free of rabies, legislation on their vaccination depends on the Autonomous Communities. This disease is caused by a virus, isolated already makes more than a hundred years, which is transmitted primarily by the saliva of infected animals. Rabies affects the nervous system. Whereas it is a zoonosis, or a disease that attacks the animals and humans, their control is a public health problem.
  6. Parainfluenza: this disease is transmitted through respiratory secretions, through the air, and is highly contagious. Produces respiratory symptoms. It is also tranqueobronquitis or cough from kennels. Dogs caged for long periods are most susceptible to disease.

First Vaccine (canine distemper, parvovirus, canine hepatitis y leptospirosis) It is advisable to achieve the 8 weeks of age. To get a good immunity must make a second and even, in some races, a third application in the first 15 weeks of age. You have to make a re-vaccination after one year.According to the chance of infection is advisable vaccinate annually of leptospirosis, parainfluenza canine. Rabies vaccination depends on the health legislation of each country or zone. Although it is not necessary in many areas vaccinate annually, will remain important for the health of our pet the annual visit to veterinarian. Whenever we have doubts about the best plan vaccination for your dog must consult with the veterinarian
Adult dogs (over a year) correctly vaccinated have a probability almost zero to endure the distemper, parvovirus canine or hepatitis. It is recommended revaccinate distemper and viral hepatitis every 2 or 3 years to our dogs.


First tips:
During the first 24 hours after birth, the colostrum (breast milk from the first days post-partum) brings to kitten antibodies that will protect of certain infectious diseases. It recommended waiting to be the mother who begin weaning, generally towards the fifth week of life. The kittens may be weaned after the sixth week, once to drink milk and solid foods in dishes. It is expected that for the fourth month cats are feeding on basis of food concentrates that contain all the substances necessary for their metabolism. The dry food can containerised with warm water to make it softer and make them easier eat it.

Cat’s feeding in maintenance period:
The cat possesses an acute sense of taste, gourmet, the cat is very sensitive to the organoleptic qualities of their food and between them on all the smell.

Cats must not be fed with meals for dogs as they require a higher level of protein in the diet and a nutritional balance differently to the dogs. The energy in the diet of cat comes from the fats, proteins and carbohydrates. The cat requires a relatively high level of protein. In fact, it would be unable to adapt to a diet extremely low in protein. The animal fat is also essential, not only by the energy which provides for you but also because it is a source.

The cat should eat at the same time and in the same place every day. The cat average of three to four kilos requires approximately 84 gr (one third of a cup of 224 gr.). The amount will vary in each cat, although all factors being equal two cats may require different amounts of food, only because they have different metabolisms. It is necessary for the cat take sufficient amount of water, it is also recommended change it often because it has to be clean and fresh.

Obesity has become the most important problem of health and nutrition of the cat in recent years. The major causes of obesity in the cat are the excess of food and inactivity, but can also be due to endocrine disruption, but this is the factor of lower percentage in cases that are presented in the present. The cats self its food consumption but may become unable to do so by acquiring vices of behaviour that end with this natural predisposition. Spoil them offering more food than necessary makes them become addicted to the meal, ask for food groaning and are grateful when we give it to them. Often usually happens that a cat that live in a house turns lazy, moves little, barely exits and this leads that don’t burn what it eat.

If it is necessary to make a change in the cat’s diet this has to happen gradually in the course of several days.
A good physical condition is one in which the animal is well provided, with flanks observable behind the rib cage and ribs that can modelled with a slight layer of fat on them. The cats assets or exposed to air free may require greater quantities of food to maintain a good physical condition.

Food during gestation and lactation:
During the gestation period, cat needs greater amount of food to allow the growth of its kittens even without birth. You need a special meal rich in nutrients and energy. During the past two weeks of pregnancy, the cat can be eating twice the normal ration. Sometimes it can give cases of periods in which reduces their appetite.

In the breastfeeding period is recommended to have availability of food during the night. The demand of milk from kittens will continue to grow during approximately 20 or 30 days. So the requirements of food and water by the mother are increasing. It is possible that it takes to feed two or three times a day, and should dispose of fresh water and clean.